What is technical debt in software development?

In software development, deliberate or unintentional negligence, errors, or deficiencies about the code can slow down productivity and generate high additional costs. This happens when the development team prioritizes speedy delivery over perfect code. The result? Technical debt.

Technical debt, tech debt, or code debt, is the consequence of development teams taking measures to accelerate the delivery of a piece of functionality or a project that will later need to be refactored. This leads to deliberate or unintentional errors, gaps, and deficiencies in the code that are generated by miscommunication, team management, qualification, or rushed release of products and are constantly increasing due to the lack of refactoring. But the term technical debt not only means more effort and lower productivity but also higher costs since it generates more code correction and interest.

The causes of tech debt can be quite varied, lack of quality management, economic pressure, lack of qualification, poor documentation/communication, delayed refactoring, and overly complex code are some of the examples.

But what types of technical debt are there? Tech debt is caused by deficiencies in the code that, due to lack of time or budget, force the adoption of a faster solution to the problem, although deficient. Some of these deficiencies are Architecture Debt, Build Debt, Code Debt, Defect Debt, Design Debt among others.

Read the full article here and learn more about technical debt and how to create a business strategy to avoid tech bankruptcy.

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